Happy Finishing the Year 2019

MBONI YA VIJANA GROUP sympathetically acknowledges those who walked together in promoting development of the poor. Since 2014, we have been implementing small projects to sustain the demands of the youth and poor communities at Zeze village and Kasulu in Tanzania. The major issues we have been addressing are food and nutrition security, income security, water and environments. We have been doing well in those areas and we are keeping on with such liberal initiatives to make everyone feel the earth the better place to live. 

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Since effective works started in 2015 to present, we have enabled 692 women to start small businesses by training and giving them starting capital as loan, We have trained 877 and subsidised 285 small farmers to run sustainable farming which has improved yields from 3 sacks to 24 sacks per acre, We have done 27 boreholes providing clean water and facilitated the big Zeze Community Safe Water Project serving above 9000 people, we pursue the community to trees planting and protect the available natural vegetation, we trained and educated youth in welding, carpentry, entrepreneurship and wind turbine and we harvest fishes from three fish ponds and honey from 67 hives which made us harvest 41 buckets of honey in 2019 only. 

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 We need to move beyond the present and that can be as of fast from the cooperation and supports we get from our friends, partners and donors. We all deserve better lives and we are working to improve and make it real life. 

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Making progress to leaving no-one behind

By Benedicto Hosea – Project Leader

“I did not know how to adopt the best farming methods until I found other farmers benefiting from improved and sustainable farming run by Mboni ya Vijana (MVG) at Zeze. The farming results registered by MVG’s beneficiaries in 2016/2017 farming season, encouraged me to adapt modern and best farming practice to increase agricultural yields for my family’s food and income and I have now changed my attitude to farming. My maize farm gives me happiness and health and my family is getting enough food and income this year from my farm crops. I have never been able to have good maize farm like this I have this year.” This is the narrative by Steven when I visited his maize farm in February 2018. Steven is a 27 year old married with 2 children. He is a peasant who has used traditional farming methods since he started farming at the age of 16. He has never harvested more than 2 maize sacks per acre but this year he is going to harvest more than 16 after his sustainable farming training and isupport from MVG.

Yudesia is an old female aged 60 living with 2 grandchildren and her husband. Before MVG started supporting her she was unable to feed them or send them to school due to poor agricultural production. She now says; “I have never seen good maize like these of this year. The training I got on sustainable farming and farming implements such as improved seeds and fertilizer are making a huge difference to all our lives. I am going to harvest huge maize that will help me and my family for all the next year.” As the farm looks, Yudesia is likely going to harvest between 15 and 24 sacks of maize in April 2018 from the acre on which she has previously been harvesting less than a sack of maize in a year.

Hwago is a married man with the family size of 9 persons. He is managing 1 acre with better farming methods as directed to by MGV. Hwago is pleased to have that opportunity which he has never got for 42 years of his working on farming sector. Field visit made by Mboni ya Vijana Group to monitor clients progresses, reached Hwago and his feelings toward the scheme and his farm been these; “I am older enough I have many experiences in farming at Zeze. I have never had good farm like this despite that it is attacked by armyworms. I have no one children went to Secondary School because I have not financial ability to do that. To get food only for my family, needed me to work to someone’s’ farm and get paid for food. I hadn’t enough time to work on my farm than paying labour to other small farmers. Even the small scale I managed, I harvested very little to support my family. Good luck, this year I am proud of this scheme. I have not yet harvested but I have much courage to succeed like other who have succeeded in the last spell. The reality is that, we are not the past but we are the new generation.” Hwago said.

Ibrahim Ashery is a single young man aged 22 years old benefiting with sustainable farming managing one acre under the scheme. He is very well focussed to change his life before having a marriage through agriculture. Here is his story; “I am still a young man and I have not went even to school for secondary education because of my parent’s income poverty. I cannot compete for formal employment than competing in agricultural production and business. I am very luck that we have this sustainable farming scheme at Zeze and I am the one among other beneficiaries. I am changing my life and my future family. The training and farming implement support I get from Mboni ya Vijana, is the complete liberation. I am sure, I am no longer absolute poor but I am the next farmer’s leader.” Ibrahim stated. His farm is very good with maize and he expects to expand it in the next farm season if he is blessed to best health.

It was difficult matter to understand the opportunities in Agriculture before the interventions made by MVG to impact farmers” was the statement Felis made when visited at his farm and asked how he considers the scheme. “Last year I was supported in improved farming methods education and implements to maintain one acre. I harvested 18 sacks of maize from which I sold 10 sacks with the price of 78,000 TZS per sack. I made money worth 780,000 TZS while remaining with 8 sacks for food. Before the scheme, I had the ability to make 230,000 TZS only from agriculture. From there, I recognized that agriculture is the only employment that can give me better life. I have expanded my farm from 1 acre to 4 acres this year which I am with improved farming techniques. I am sure I am going to build my house and start new business from the yields of this year. Felis is just a 22 years old man born and living at Zeze village who got married after the first harvest in the last year.

Improved Small Scale Farming (ISSF) scheme is becoming popular at Zeze village and Kasulu district as well following its impacts to the community. Many people are adapting to its strategy to make difference in their lives from the lessons learned from the scheme. Instead of being supporting maize farming only, the scheme is embarking as well on beans and sunflowers production so as to expand the rooms for clients to run business farming and improve their families’ ability to meeting both food and income demands.

Enable 500 Tanzanian youth to feed their families

Summary

We believe everyone has the right to life’s basics. A roof, enough food to eat, clean water to drink and the education needed to build a brighter future. What we take for granted can only be dreamed of by communities in extreme poverty such as Zeze. But his dream isn’t impossible. It doesn’t take years of research or huge multinational organisations. It only takes the hard work of MVG, the villagers of Zeze and your donation. Will you help us to bring life’s basic needs to the people of Zeze?

Challenge

Global warming has led to a reduction in rainfall in Zeze village. The subsistence farmers find it increasingly difficult to grow enough food to feed their families, let alone have a surplus to pay for medicine or school uniforms. 40% of children in Tanzania are stunted due to malnutrition. Working with the schools, we will select families in extreme need from this income generation project and enable them to grow cash crops such as tomatoes and watermelons.

Solution

We will provide access to a water source, irrigation materials and a seedling starter kit containing sunflowers, tomatoes, water melons and local nutritional crops to all families. We will provide initial horticultural and dietary training, together with weekly monitoring visits and a support group to ensure their crops grow well. We will also provide a guaranteed market for their crops, and entrepreneurship training on maximizing their income and expanding their business.

Long-Term Impact

We will enable 500 vulnerable families to generate an income, allowing them to ensure their children have sufficient nutritious food and uniforms to attend school. They will also be able to pay for health care when they need it, and to start rising out of the extreme poverty they are currently in.

PLEASE DO YOUR DONATION HERE

Water is the key to life!

WATER IS THE KEY TO LIFE!

Water is the key to life, particularly in a village like Zeze, Kasulu, in western Tanzania. Many people were forced to get their water from this dirty pond shared with animals. So using donated money we drilled a new bore hole by hand and constructed this new rope pump. This was a huge undertaking for the village. Many people thought we could not succeed. We drilled by hand for 6 long days through solid rock, but eventually reached water 13m down. We learnt how to weld metal and created this pump – everyone is very happy! Grace says “My family got water from the dirty pond and my children were often sick. I thank God that we can now use this new pump and it is so easy to use.” The village chairman says “I am so proud of what these youth have achieved! When I saw how slowly they were cutting through rock I thought they would never succeed to reach water, but I was wrong and the whole village congratulates them.

Now we have a reliable water source we can more easily water the seedlings we’re growing. We have already distributed the first batch of water melon and tomato seedlings and the sunflower seedlings distributed are almost ready for harvesting, leading to valuable income in each family. Petronella says “with the money I will get from my sunflower seeds next month I will be able to buy school uniforms for my children, so I am very happy!”

Climate change
Streams and ponds at Zeze and neighbouring places in Kigoma region are drying as the result of climate change leading to greater challenges getting water. MVG have drilled more than 9 water wells from which the communities are using the water for development.

Almachius is the Kasulu District Development Community Officer. He knows well how much of a challenge water is for the development of Kasulu community. He visited a number of water projects where MVG has drilled and installed pumps for community use, and told the community “We have a big problem with water and deforestation but today I say we are lucky that we have youth who have made an important revolution in the water sector with their hand drilled bore holes – as no doubt all of you can see! I am very impressed they have now set up a tree nursery and are supporting their community to protect the environment. I appreciate, the work they have done. We should all participate to protect and develop the scheme which they have established, for ourselves and our children”.

New hand drilled community water pump
New hand drilled community water pump.

Zeze Wind Power Workshop

Here at the Local Electricity Project, we are just settling down after returning from a busy two weeks in Zeze, Tanzania, where we hosted a workshop to explore different ways of generating electricity. This was done in collaboration with Mboni ya Vijana Group, and Tanzania Development Trust, who both do a lot of great development work in rural areas. MVG is an organisation based in Zeze, who aim to lead youth and the community to sustainable development by tackling issues such as extreme poverty, climate change and farming.

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Zeze is a small rural village in the Kigoma district of Tanzania, with no access to grid electricity. The population consists of approximately 8000 people, with the majority relying on subsistence farming. Due to lack of accessible electricity, residents face many challenges and rely heavily on kerosene lamps for lighting after dark, which can lead to health issues in children who use the lamps for studying. While some residents can afford small domestic solar systems, the cost is generally prohibitively expensive for most and so the aim of our workshop was to generate electricity using old electric motors and as much recycled material as possible

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Among those present were a number of locals who work with MVG on various projects in and around Zeze as well as a number of students from the Institute of Rural Development Planning. The 20 strong group were all from a range of backgrounds and everyone had a unique set of skills on offer, which made for four diverse groups with their own thoughts and ideas.

 

Assisting with planning, coordinating and everything else was Benedicto – the CEO and founder of MVG, who has made it his personal mission to improve quality of life for people in Zeze and beyond. The work done so far by Benedicto and MVG includes planting cash crops, farming honey and installing a number of water pumps around the village to improve access to water.

 

Our main aim was to inspire people to look for new ways to generate electricity using locally available materials and so all we took with us were some nuts and bolts, a few small motors and the L.E.One.

The L.E.One is a voltage regulator that takes AC or DC electricity and converts it into useable power for charging USB devices such as phones, power banks and lights. This means that it can be used with a number of different generators, such as solar panels or electric motors, which can be recycled from otherwise discarded e-waste.

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We made the L.E.One to be interacted with, modified and upgraded, and so a large portion of the workshop involved some basic soldering and a complete overview of all the circuitry sitting inside the box. Everyone was really keen to learn about electronics and assembling an L.E.One gave a total insight into how it works. Hopefully this can spark some inspiration for other electronics projects to come!

 

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We truly believe in empowering people to solve the issues that they face through hands on experience, and by learning from iterative design and testing. Therefore, the group were given clear guidance without providing detailed solutions to maximise creative freedom. Despite lacking access to tools and materials that most of us take for granted, the ingenuity of everyone involved was more than enough to overcome any challenges and we were constantly impressed by people’s ability to take an idea from conception to execution.

 

We started off the workshop by demonstrating the reversible nature of electric motors to power a light bulb, using the L.E.One to convert the fluctuating input voltage to a smooth 5V. The challenge was then set to create something to turn a motor by hand, and within minutes we witnessed a number of innovative methods of attaching handles to the motor shafts, all using only wood and nails.

After a brief introduction to the main components of a small-scale wind turbine, the next step was to cut and shape some lightweight blades using PVC pipe by following the instructions available here. Within no time, each group had crafted a unique set of wind turbine blades, and after fastening them together were able to see them spinning freely in the wind. All before the end of the first day!

 

The next challenge was then to fasten the blades to the motor and to start generating electricity. Important factors that were communicated here were precision and symmetry, as well as a general note that bigger blades = more power. Soon enough each group had created a hub after measuring and cutting some carefully selected wood found leftover from previous projects.

 

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The main problem was creating a hub that was well balanced and symmetrical. Groups made a number of different shaped hubs, employing a variety of techniques. After some careful experimentation, these were gradually improved over the course of the workshop to be stronger and more precise. This design evolution was a common theme over the time we spent in Zeze, with constant iteration to improve power, robustness and even aesthetics.

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Before we could even give an outline of the next steps, one group had already made a small wooden tower, secured a length of cable and fastened their handywork to the top. However they soon discovered that the direction of the wind is constantly changing, and so the next round of towers were made to enable the generators on top to pivot and seek the wind for maximum power.

The next enhancements included changing the shape, number and size of blades, with each new set yielding better and better results. This, in combination with stronger winds and taller, sturdier towers made for four solid wind turbines that were pretty much constantly spinning, so that we were able to power light-bulbs and charge phones using the LEOne.

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The rest of the time was spent ensuring that everything produced was durable and will withstand the elements. One of the biggest issues when dealing with wind power is strong winds that occur during storms which have the potential to cause damage. A hinged tail mounted at the right angle can protect a wind turbine from damage, but designing such a system is by no means simple. Once again, each group was able to take the basic idea and construct their own unique parts to achieve the goals set. They then assessed the effectiveness and were able to make adjustments as necessary. The winds in Zeze weren’t strong enough to perform any high speed tests, but the build quality of all the turbines produced gives us enough confidence that they would withstand the harshest of storms.

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Our entire stay in Zeze was nothing short of incredible. We were made to feel at home by everyone there and look forward to returning. We will be working closely with MVG in the future and look forward to seeing what new creative ways people come up with to generate electricity!

 

If you would to get involved with the Local Electricity Project, or want to know more about what we do, we’d love to hear from you! Visit our home page or contact us.

Bringing light to Zeze

By Benedicto Hosea – Project Leader

Power is vital for the improving the lives of human being, however access is unevenly distributed in rural Africa. Zeze village 41 km from grid electricity and very dark at night.  People chop trees in the forest for cooking and use and burn expensive and smoky kerosene for lighting their homes.

Development of affordable and environmental friendly electricity technologies such as solar technology is playing central role in transforming rural societies like Zeze, and help protect their environment and people.

Grid electricity will not come to Zeze for many years.  Our society is poor and cannot afford even small solar lights, so Mboni ya Vijana has begun our solar light project to support persons in the village to secure solar lights for fair and friendly expenses. This scheme is showing great success as it is bringing happiness and health improving to the poor people at Zeze. There are many case studies which have proven the importance of using solar lights than kerosene and forest woods and below are some case studies from Zeze.

Maria is a single mother nursing her baby. She is not living in the house with electricity. Her baby is very roughly moving here and there. Maria cooks on a forest wood fire which is very danger to her eyes and child as well. She says, “Since I got this solar light, my child can stay in the bed by all the time I am cooking without problem as she is keen with the light from the solar light. It gives me the freedom to cook as my kid is with my solar light and no need to have the kid care – Maria said”. She believes her child would have already injured by fire or boiled water if there were solar light to stay with her kid.

Older persons are the most vulnerable to access to both forest woods and money for kerosene purchase. Solar light provisions gave happiness to Mlenga and Tati who both are older persons. When they received the solar lights, Mlenga says, “This is liberation to my life! I was sleeping in dark with no ability to see anything in the night. For this, I will be able to do some simple works in the night”. Tati says, “Good things are coming at the age I am passing however I am very glad to have this because it will help me to light my homes and will get more time to stay talking to my grandchildren”.

Damian is a young person from Zeze and has a family of four family members including the heads of the family (husband and wife). As other people in the village have no grid electricity, they have adapted the use of solar light. Damian is saying, “It brings happiness in the family because neither soot nor smoke anymore as it was when we were using kerosene to light our home. The solar light suits me and my family and we encourage other to use it for house light”.

With the other stories from beneficiaries of solar light scheme, portrays that, solar light is suitable to the people of Zeze and the other rural societies which are not yet supplied with grid electricity in Tanzania. Apart from lighting the homes, solar lights are worthwhile for reducing cost of buying kerosene and the amount of carbon added to the atmosphere from burning kerosene and the bad health effects on eyes and lungs.

OUR HAPPINESS WITH YOU FOR THE NEW YEAR 2017

Great maize harvest after farmers training

Great maize harvest after farmers training

A prosperous life for everyone in Zeze is the major demand of us (Mboni ya Vijana and donors). However, we could not have the way to that without the support from you all.

2016 has been a great year in Zeze evidencing a lot of changes in lives of many people towards satisfied families, prosperity and wellbeing. This is what together we are cerebrating together with you all!

Access to clean and safe water is making lives easy to people in Zeze by giving them opportunities to engage in other development activities and have less stomach infections.

Youth and women have been trained on best farming practices and supported with seeds and fertilizer to enable them produce enough food and feed their families and persuaded villagers to stop encroaching the forest reserve and develop sustainable farming on previously exhausted land near their homes. We have also managed to evaluate the results from the previous supported farmers who are going to harvest a greatly increased amount of maize after passing the dry season irrigating their farms.

Children in Zeze have had an exciting year though books learning with the opening of Mboni ya Vijana Library.

Development of the other income generation and industrial development projects and infrastructures, are increasing the opportunities for prosperous lives to Zeze community. These projects and infrastructures are enabling the community to access food, water and other services easily.

The achievements which Zeze community is benefiting with, have been from your support which we are celebrating this year end.  Thanks to you, we have made fantastic achievements in 2016, and we still have much work to do.

Many thanks for your continued support us and we wish you a wonderful 2017 from everyone at Zeze..

This new water pump has improved many livesThis new water pump has improved many lives

New libraryNew library

Carpentry workshop
Carpentry workshop

Enjoying a mango!
Enjoying a mango!

Zeze Village

Crowd2Map Tanzania

Putting Zeze on the map – a post by our friends MBONI YA VIJANA youth community in Zeze – paints a picture of the Zeze village, as well as documents the very beginnings of the Crowd2Map Tanzania, and how we hope to literally put it on the map. Why is that so important? Well, see for yourself:

This is how Zeze Village looks on Google Map at the moment: (marked point is the village market, -4.89913606, 30.0578204)

Zeze Google MapSad, isn’t it.

This is how it looks on Open Street Map. (A little better? But…)

Zeze OSM(Note, that neither find “Zeze” if you search for it by name.)

This is how it actually looks via satellite:

Zeze Google SatelliteA little more than a blank space, eh..?

And we have nearly 20 points marking its schools, shops and offices, to name a few:

Zeze Village Office -4.825259, 30.0034184 (5km accuracy) Zeze Village Office

Zeze School Library (-4.91136445, 30.0474693) Zeze School Library (-4.91136445, 30.0474693)

Mtus Restaurant (-4.89908231, 30.05751572) Mtus Restaurant (-4.89908231, 30.05751572)

Kulu's Bicycle Shop (-4.89918704, 30.05762403) Kulu’s…

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How solar power can boost Zeze, Tanzania

benefits of solar power in tanzaniaOne natural resource that is plentiful in Zeze is sunlight. While the sun is great for nourishing crops and providing natural light, there are so many ways that we could use solar power to boost the Zeze community:

Solar pumps

In August 2015, Mboni Ya Vijana fixed a water well by using a solar-powered water pump bought on Ebay. There are 9 water pumps in Zeze, but only 3 work currently, including the one that was fixed in September. With Solar power, we could fix the other 6 pumps. This would decrease time spent waiting in line for water and increase agricultural production (which is currently limited by water access).

benefits of solar power in tanzaniaSolar lights

Currently, students walk to school in the morning, and when the arrive, only one classroom is lit (by solar power). When they walk home, they often have chores to do, which last until dark. When the sun goes down, they finally have time to study, but often no light to do it with. We currently have a program going of loaning solar lights to groups of 5 students, but it would be better if they could access these lights on a permanent basis.

Powering Tech

In the school, we have broadband satellite, so the students can access the internet on their raspberry pi computers. However, these computers can only help so long as they stay powered, which is still a challenge in Zeze.

To help us get the solar panels required to boost Zeze’s potential, Please consider donating by visiting our MyDonate fundraiser profile page here.